Studiegroep Luchtoorlog 1939-1945


Evader chart: E0596
SGLO Date crash Aircraft
T3856 07-07-44 B-17 Flying Fortress
MilRank First Name(s) Name
S/Sgt. Frank E. Garofalo
Milregnr. Nationality Born
33588458 American Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan, USA, 11 Oct 1924
Returned Y/N Evader Fate Date Captured/Liberated Place Captured/Liberated Escape Line
Yes EVD 15 Nov 44 Leveroij -
Evader Story
						S/Sgt. Frank E. (Ed) Garofalo was the only waist gunner of the B-17 42-31189 ‘Paragon’ that sustained flak damage over the target area on July 7, 1944. Returning over the Netherlands another engine failed and it became obvious that they could not make it to England. Approaching the Noordoostpolder, an area reclaimed from the Ijsselmeer, the pilot gave the order to bail out. Garofalo landed in the reed beds of this area and disposed his gear. Soon there after he came upon fellow crewmember 2/Lt. Richard M. Tracy (E0600). He had been the navigator and was already accosted by Dutch labourers. Both men changed into the civilian clothes that the Dutch men had collected and then were taken to Vollenhove. Here they spent the night and the next day a truck brought the two airmen to Meppel. In this town they spent the weekend, were given 'better' civilian clothes and provided with false Dutch Identity Cards.

On July 10, Garofalo and Tracy travelled to Amsterdam by train without controls or searches. Here they stayed in two separate places for two days before they left for Deurne for a week. First to one house and then to two different farms. Here they met fellow Americans 2/Lt. John Fullerton (E0585) and Sgt. Frank Peichoto (E0587) and RAF-airmen Sgt. Charles Francis (E0496) and Sgt. Dennis Sharpe (E0498). From Deurne they went to Nuth near Hoensbroek where they stayed for nine days. The plan to cross the Dutch-Belgian border near Maastricht had to be abandoned.

After two weeks in Hoensbroek, they all were put on the train to Roermond. From the station there they were taken to the ‘De Bedelaer’ estate near Haelen where they could hide in the woods around the estate. In case of danger, they could go to the ‘De Spikkerhof’, an isolated farm near the estate. Early in September they moved to a farm in Kelpen and from there to a barn in Leveroij. Their hiding place there became anxiously close to the front line when the Allies started operation Nutcracker. Garofalo and his fellow evaders were liberated on November 15, 1944, when the 51st Scottish Division arrived in Leveroij.
* National Archives, Washington, EE-2681 and EE-2678